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(TFT) guess who?
"I'm sure nobody walks much faster than I do."
"He can't do that," said the King, "or else he'd have been here first."
-Lewis Carroll "Through the Looking-Glass"
The book of nature is that which the physician must read; and to do so he must
walk over the leaves.
And the Lord said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the
Lord, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and
Job 1, 7
Can two walk together, except they be agreed?
Amos 3, 3
He travels the fastest who travels alone.
Solitude is as needful to the imagination as society is wholesome for the
James Russell Lowell
"Roam if you want too, roam around the world! Roam if you want too, without
wings, without wheals."
"Wheals on fire, rolling down the road. Pleases notify my next of kin, this
wheal shall explode!"
I prefer the Ab-Fab reference here.
So that leaves me as an unwholesome, imaginative devil?
I'll put the question to you, gentle reader.
Energy cost of activities
Basal Metabolism = 10 calories per pound of bodyweight.
This is the minimum requirements per day without activity.
Even a coma patient needs this amount of energy each day.
Joe Average @ 165lbs = 1650 calories per day Basal Metabolism.
A Figures Load is the Figures Body Weight + the weight of Equipment carried.
Energy costs per day are figured from the Load.
165lbs (Joe Average) + 55lbs Equipment = 220lbs Load.
Except for extreme survival circumstances or other special situations, a
Figures Body Weight can be assumed to remain more or less constant.
Owing to this assumption, it is convenient to figure encumbrance as additional
levels of weight carried by the Figure that can be dropped or picked up.
1 Encumbrance Level = ST * 5.5lbs
Joe = 10 ST @ 5.5lbs per point, ergo 1 Enc. Lv. for Joe = 55lbs.
This is a backwards way of approaching the rule limit of "A figure may not
carry more than 5 times his ST and travel normally."
Viewed in this manner
Walking (smooth, firm, level surface)
2mph = 25 calories per 55lbs per hour
3mph = 50
4mph = 75
165lbs / 55lbs = 3 Encumbrance Levels for Body Weight + 1 Encumbrance Level
for 55lb pack, or 200 calories per hour at 3mph.
Joe will spend 150 calories per hour to maintain the same pace without
Uphill = an additional 1 calorie per pound, per 1000ft elevation.
This represents walkable grades. The point at which falling Damage kicks in is
when a Figure can be considered to be Climbing. The grade at which this
happens depends on the Encumbrance Level (Load / ST * 5.5), DX, and Talents of
In general, any grade over 45deg. can be considered Climbing.
Rough trail = a Multiplier for calories appropriate to extra energy required
to maintain speed. In general, if the path requires scrambling, climbing,
bending, or similar work over significant lengths, the Multiplier will
represent the percentage of such rough going over the course of the hour. A
Multiplier of 1.5 would indicate about half the passage to be rough and cost
an extra 25 calories per 55lbs per hour at a 3mph pace.
A Multiplier of 3.5 represents sprinting effort at a 4mph pace, a Multiplier
of 11 is sprinting effort to maintain a 2mph pace. Multipliers at this level
can be thought of as a rough gage of the density of the path the figure is
attempting, or the steepness of a climb . Modifiers kick in for proper Tools,
such as machetes for dense undergrowth, or picks for climbing/mining, as well
as for related Talents and Traits.
Pace can be slackened in favor of energy conservation.
Standing = 15 calories per 55lbs per hour
Sitting = 10
Laying still = 5
Sleeping = 0 (covered by Basal Metabolism)
Driving auto = 20
Bicycling at moderate speed = 55
Bicycling at full speed = 165
Horseback walk = 35
Horseback trot = 100
Horseback gallop = 165
Jogging = 165
Boxing = 275 (720 Melee Rounds per hour or about 2 calories every 5 rounds)
Sprinting = 275
Allowances are made for a GMs judgement of the situation, such as the
following piano pieces.
Mendelssohn's songs = 20 calories per 55lbs per hour.
Beethoven's "Appassionata" = 35
Liszt's "Tarantella" = 45
Rackmananov = 55
These figures are derived from Carpenter, T.M.: "Factors and Formulas for
Computing Respiratory Exchange and Biological Transformations of Energy."
The above information can be used to gage a ROUGH approximation of a days
1 cup Whole Wheat Flour = 400 calories, 16g protein, 85g Carbs.
3.5 cups Flour per pound.
56lbs = 1 peck.
3 to 4 pecks per acre @ yealds of 1:1, gathering.
6 to 8 pecks per acre @ yealds of 1:2, dry farming.
10 to 12 pecks per acre @ yealds of 1:3, irrigation.
14 to 15 pecks per acre @ yealds of 1:4, crop rotation.
17 to 19 pecks per acre @ yealds of 1:5, or half a ton yealds per acre by the
late middle ages, and 1:10 by the mid 1800's.
2lbs flour = 2800 calories
Joe Average requires around 13 pecks of Flour per year, assuming Flour to be
his main staple.
Also note, Joe moves a peck like a pack.
Population densities are directly tied to agricultural yealds.
Hunter gatherer = 0.1 persons per km^2
Dry farming = 1 - 2 persons per km^2
Irrigation = 6 - 12 persons per km^2
Densities with more advanced farming are probably best determined on a case to
For example, while the majority of Europe experienced a slow but steady rise
in crop yealds through the medieval and late middle ages, and many southern
farms were attaining yealds of 1:10 by the mid 1800's, Russian farms
maintained average yealds of 1:3 throughout this same period.
Weather phenomena, such as drought or optimum growth conditions, can be
represented as a decrease/increase in the normal crop yealds.
2500 calories per day in FDA minimum daily allowance.
3500 calories per day for an "active" lifestyle.
The U.S. Army allocates 3000 calories per day for garrison duty and 4500 per
day for heavy work.
3500 calories per day is about 0.04 calories per second.
A sprint effort is about 0.22 calories per second, or about 5.5 times the
active daily average per second.
Basal Metabolism * 1.5 = inactive calorie requirements
Basal Metabolism * 2 = active
Basal Metabolism * 2.5 = very active
Basal Metabolism * 3 = laborious
Efforts over three times a Figures Basal Metabolism cause rapid exhaustion.
A rule of thumb is that a tenth of total Body Weight is lost during the first
month @ 1000 calories more output than input per day, with about 2/3rds of
this weight being body fat and the rest mainly water.
After this initial weight loss, additional weight is lost at about 1/3rd of
the initial rate.
1 pound of fat equals about 4000 calories, with the body using stored fat at
the same efficiency as fat directly taken from food.
A lack of a particular vitamin in the diet will show effects after about a
month; a lack of a mineral takes about a year.
Foodstuffs can also be assigned other effects, such as a moral boost for
consuming, or attracting ants or bears, etc.
In general, proteins and fats are considered background, or all-day energy,
while carbohydrates are considered quick burning, boost energy.
Background calories are more useful for long term survival.
About 20% of daily calories should come from proteins, 30% from fat.
This means about half a days requirements come from slow burning calories, and
about half from quick burning calories.
This also makes the carbs consumed at breakfast and lunch particularly
important to a Figures available energy for work. A diet lacking in carbs for
these meals will leave a Figure feeling listless and sluggish. A prolonged
lack will cause negative modifiers.
Also note that a Figures appetite for fat and protein decreases with an
increase in either temperature, or altitude.
The U.S. Army notes a similar effect upon the appetite of men under combat
stress, and the Food Service has a saying "It doesn't matter how many calories
you give a man if he won't eat".
At very high altitudes (around 15,000ft), it requires an IQ check for a Figure
Draught animals can expect about 10 miles travel per day on a grazed diet,
mainly grass, and around 25 miles per day on a diet of grains.
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